Based on the textbook, list and discuss four characteristics of postindustrial society commonly found in the United States, Canada, and many nations in the European Union.
Economic dominance of the service sector over those of manufacturing and agriculture; complex nationwide communication networks
A high degree of economic activity based on an educated workforce employing scientific knowledge and technology in their work
A high level of public mobilization in society (including the rise of historically new social causes such as the civil rights movement, the anti-war movement, the anti-nuclear movement, the anti-globalization movement, the environmental movement)
Increasing population growth and employment in urban areas (and subsequent decline in rural areas); and historically unprecedented societal affluence (Touraine 1974; Galston 1992; Inglehart 1997)
Based on the textbook, list and discuss three particular issues of great importance for contemporary state and local governments in the United States in terms of promoting sustainable economic development.
Water resource protection and conservation
Environmental stewardship-oriented land use practices
The enforcement of energy-efficient building standards
The implementation of air quality protection measures
The reduction of the impact of carbon emissions on global climate change
Based on the textbook, list and discuss three higher-order or postindustrial needs found in postindustrial societies.
Quality of life concerns
Connection to transcendent values
According to the textbook, list and discuss four core dimensions (objectives) of sustainable communities.
List four general determinants of adaptive capacity.
Improved access to resources
Reduction of poverty
Lowering of inequities in resources and wealth among groups
Improved education and information
Diminished intergenerational inequities
Respect for accumulated local experience
Assurance that responses are comprehensive and integrative, not just technical
Active participation by concerned parties, especially to ensure that actions match local needs and resources