In Christianity, the highest goal in life is to
a. orthopraxy rather than orthodoxy
b. act in harmony with the will of God through dying and rising with Christ
c. find harmony and balance with the laws of nature
d. learn from history
What model of education replaced the Evangelical Protestant model at universities later in the nineteenth century?
a. German scientific ideal of scholarship
b. American Social Gospel
c. liberal Catholic
d. Darwinian theories
The Social Gospel movement emerged from the theology of
a. conservative Evangelicals
b. liberal Catholics
c. liberal Evangelicals
d. conservative Catholics
The significance of Vatican II was that it
a. modernized Church facilities
b. shored up the Church's antimodernist teachings
c. reaffirmed Thomistic theology as the basis of all Catholic teaching
d. expressed a new openness to modern trends and ideas
The Old Testament of Christianity is really adopted from the sacred writings of what religion?
Which of the four Gospels was most likely written first?
At a time when Roman rule oppressed the people and they could only see injustice, suffering, and death, the message from Jesus' life offered them, above all else
Christianity began as a
a. peace movement
b. Jewish sectarian movement
c. Samaritan movement
d. Zealot movement
The 27 books that became the New Testament were first mentioned together in a bishop's letter in the year
Which of the four Gospels is believed to have been written last and is radically different in tone, content and structure than the other three Gospels?
What was an important result from the Roman emperor Constantine's conversion to Christianity?
a. it continued the persecution of Christianity
b. Christianity immediately became a 'permitted' religion
c. Christianity immediately became the official religion of the Empire
d. Christians saw Romans as evil
The ruling that Paul won that was decisive for the growth of the Nazarene movement among gentiles was about
a. church attendance
b. circumcision of gentiles
c. the apocalypse
d. the bar mitzvah
Which of the following is characteristic of Augustine's 'two cities'?
a. the city of God should dominate over the city of humanity
b. the city of humanity should dominate over the city of God
c. they should work together to transform the world into a Christian one
d. the emperor always has the final say over the church
Which of the following does NOT apply to Paul?
a. he became the first great missionary of the Christian movement
b. his letters comprise about one-quarter of the New Testament
c. he taught justification by faith
d. he contributed no writings to the New Testament
During the Middle Ages, the sixth to fourteenth centuries, who was educated and therefore could read?
a. almost everyone
b. all clergy and all nobility
c. only the elite among the clergy and the nobility
Which sacrament was an adaptation of the Jewish blessing of the bread and wine at the Passover meal?
c. extreme unction
Why was December 25 chosen as the birthday of Jesus?
a. it was his known birth date
b. to honor the winter equinox
c. to compete with the popular pagan festival honoring the sun god
d. to avoid competing with Easter
The first serious reform movement in the church was
b. Roman Catholicism
c. Greek Orthodoxy
When Christianity waged war on Islam during the Middle Ages, it was called
a. the Middle Ages War
b. the Crusades
c. the Medieval War
d. God's Righteous War
Which theologian modeled the way for the entrepreneurs of the new capitalist era he helped to create?
a. Martin Luther
b. John Calvin
c. Augustine of Hippo
d. Ulrich Zwingli